Information taking from:

  • Standard Operating Procedure: Trafficking in Persons: Victim Identification, Victim Assistance and Referral system
  • Meetings with KZN human trafficking task team
  • National Policy Framework for Prevention and combating Trafficking in Persons

Identification of potential and presumed victims of trafficking in persons is an authentic challenge for many reasons. To name but a few, trafficking tends to be a hidden phenomenon; trafficked persons are too scared to come forward or do not identify as victims and rights’ holders; stakeholders are often not trained on identifying and helping victims. Identification of a trafficked person can be a complex and time-consuming process because of the complexity of the criminal case or the time necessary for a victim to severe ties with their traffickers and exploiters, recover and speak out. Therefore, in many instances, identification is more a process rather than a result of a prompt act. Nevertheless, it needs to be carried out quickly and accurately to help and protect victims.

  1. Clues for Potential Victim of Trafficking or a Perpetrator:

(Refer to ‘ID human trafficking’ Document as well)

· Who does the talking?· In many cases, a perpetrator will attempt to talk for a victim. The last thing the trafficker wants is for the victim to talk to a member.
· Who is in possession of personal and travel documents?· Perpetrators often take control of the victim’s travel and other documents in order to exercise control over them.
· Who has the money?· Victims rarely have money. Perpetrators often have access to money. Inquire to determine who is in possession of the money.
· Who are friends with whom? What do people in a group know about each other?· In a normal relationship, people know each other by names and will be aware of personal information about each other.
· Is anyone injured?· Victims might have injuries as a result of exploitation.
· How did they get here?· Perpetrators use particular routes to move victims (long and round about routes).
· Why are they there?· Find out from the suspected victims what their initial expectations were, what they have been promised.
  • If you suspect a potential victim of trafficking:

Try gather as much information as possible including

  • the name, surname and contact details of the victim;
  • the location of the victim;
  • the age of the victim and physical description;
  • whether the victim is in any danger and the nature of danger; and
  • whether the victim needs to be rescued and whether there are other victims, if so, how many.
  • Assess the victim’s immediate needs for care and services.
  • Ask for their story, try write down what they share with you after you finish talking with them – names of people, places, any circumstantial evidence that could assist police in a raid etc. 

Contact or go directly to the closest police station in your area is your first point of call – police should use “Screening Interview Form” to assist with the profiling of the victims of trafficking in persons. A case docket should be opened.

The police should contact a social worker from Department of Social Development and they should refer victim to a registered place of Safety.

Open Door Crisis Centre in Pinetown is a registered place of safety +27 31 709 2679.

NB contact details :

If you can’t get to police station – you can contact the National Human Trafficking Resource Line – 0800 222 777 or report via website

Dawn Coleman Malinga – Head of KZN Task Team

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Many women will share that they want to get out of the lifestyle, so you need to put systems in place to assess their commitment and tenacity to exit the industry.

Some helpful suggestions from our Redlight Programme Team.

  • Hand out Contact Cards – have a separate cell phone with a different number to your personal one, where they can Whatsapp you or miss call you to meet up at another time. I would add the Human Trafficking Resource Line number 0800 222 777 on the card too so if they are desperate they can make contact at any time with the resource line
  • If they don’t have a phone on them, but they know their number – you can do a follow up call with them the next day and make an arrangement to meet up.
  • Always make a plan to meet up in a public place (restaurant or somewhere visible that the ladies are familiar with) and make sure you bring someone with you who can be watching from a distance as protection and can be there to pray.
  • If they show up, bring a notepad with you and just share with them that you want to hear their story and get to know them – allow them to share without interrupting and write down as much as possible – up to you if you want to offer to pay for some food or drinks.

Possible questions to ask:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Where they currently live and with who
  • What area they come from, grew up?
  • School and education level
  • What family, children they have
  • Friendships
  • Previous activity before working on the streets
  • How long have they been working in the industry, who introduced them to the streets?
  • Addiction and substance abuse (often don’t admit truthfully so try to  minimize this aspect)
  • What would they like to do if they could do anything

Once they share all this information with you, you can share how you can/would like to assist them and to encourage them that all it takes is the courage to continue to show up to these meetings and you can share other stories of ladies and men who have successfully left the streets, who have got help getting out of addiction and into other employment opportunities.


  1. The Domino Foundation – Redlight Program

Call Esther Madikane – Redlight Number 076 190 5037, or on the Domino Office number – 031 563 9605 or on email

Based in Durban North

Domino Restoration Program can assist with:

  • Refer to an Addiction rehabilitation program and support groups
  • Counselling
  • Spiritual Healing
  • Skills development
  • Education opportunities, short courses
  • Stipends and basic needs provision to support while exiting the industry
  • Vocational training and work experience
  • Medical assistance
  1. The Open Door Crisis Centre: Pinetown +27 31 709 2679
  • Counselling
  • Clinic Services
  • Place of Safety
  1. Human Trafficking Resource Line – 0800 222 777

If the ladies ever feel in danger or want to escape a situation – they can call that toll free number and someone will answer 24/7


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A dream comes true

A little girl gazed at her Grade 7 teacher and felt a tug at her heart: “That’s what I want to be when I grow up.” Eight years later, the dream is now virtually a reality for Nobuhle Ndlovu. Back in 2012, she was a pupil at Amaoti No. 3 Combined School and her dreams seemed like the early morning mist in the North Durban township valleys which rapidly disappears as the sun rises. Her family had four mouths to feed and there certainly was no extra money for grand schemes like becoming a teacher.

Nobuhle went on successfully to complete her Matric at Amaoti No. 3 where she had been on The Domino Foundation’s Life Skills programme. Through this connection, the aspiring trainer of young minds heard of Domino’s Skills Development programme which has created a platform through education to empower and equip young people from economically challenged backgrounds to reach their full potential. Opportunities to gain an education in a chosen field are opened up by The Domino Foundation’s Bursary Programme by providing access to funding for tertiary qualifications, living and travel allowances and educational resources. Nobuhle was determined and went through the interview process and was awarded a bursary to study for a B Ed degree at UKZ Edgewood.

Three years later, the journey is almost over but hasn’t been without its challenges, particularly during the time of Lockdown. “Not being able to go to lectures on campus has my studies this year more difficult with I have been blessed with a laptop and with data so I have been able to be part of online lectures and video calls with my lecturers and supervisors.” She initially found home-learning challenging without the interaction and stimulation of being together with her peers: however, as a teacher-in-the-making. “I have learnt that improvisation and lateral thinking are two vital tools for any educator so I really think Lockdown has brought me some benefits!”

 Nobuhle had practical classroom sessions scheduled for this year but found the altered landscape of Lockdown challenging. “The transition from contact classes to online classes demanded so much extra work and zoom meetings and teaching sessions were made more difficult because the network in Amaoti is very bad.”

This self-assured and engaging young pedagogue’s greatest dream is to support learners to achieve their goals as her teachers did for her. “All my teachers played an important in my life from primary to high school to keep me grounded and focused on my dreams. I want to do the same for the new generation of learners.” Nobuhle is currently looking for a position as a teacher of business studies and of travel and tourism.

Unlike the little girl in the front row of the Grade 7 who could not imagine how her dream could ever take shape, Nobuhle is determined to be a facilitator of change in the lives of her young charges. Shaun Tait, CEO of The Domino Foundation would welcome enquiries from companies and individuals who would like to be part of making the dreams of other aspiring future students take on reality. He can be contacted at or 031 563 9605.


Successful graduate on The Domino Foundation’s Skills Development programme, Nobuhle Ndlovu, with her UKN mentor, Thulisile Hlope.

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Jayda Mun-Gavin’s Story

What a complete privilege and opportunity to have taken a moment to capture this young woman’s story from #CradletoCareer.

Take a listen to Jayda’s story from abandonment, to being the 4th child placed at the Domino Fairhaven’s Babies Home, then adopted by Richard and Jaci Mun-Gavin to matriculating in 2020!

Hear her story here recorded with her bestie Grace Shepard, and take a listen to what they have to say to the youth …

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Found an abandoned baby?

How to respond if you find an abandoned baby …

Call the South African Police Services promptly and make yourself available to provide an affidavit on your observations.

Remain with the baby until the police come in order to ensure that the baby is safe and protected from the elements.

If necessary, the Emergency Rescue Services could be called to attend to the child’s health needs.

Take note of the following information:-

  • Time of finding the baby
  • Place where baby was found
  • Child’s appearance and condition e.g. health, cleanliness, emotional state of being
  • Child’s clothing – What was child wearing? Was the child wrapped up?
  • Was there a bag or any possessions left with the baby e.g. clothing, nappies, baby formula, water or baby food
  • Any identifying details e.g. the Child’s Road to Health Booklet, any letters, documents or information regarding the mother or family and their addresses or contact details?

It is important to note that your own observations surrounding the abandonment is critical in assisting in the investigation into the child’s circumstances and may be helpful in the process of identifying and/or locating the mother or other family members.

Our children are our greatest treasure. They are our future.” – Nelson Mandela

Information supplied from Child Welfare Durban and District (Nonprofit Organisation (002-259 NPO), PBO Ref. No. 18/11/13/1145 A Community Chest Member)

Tel: (031) 312 9313 Fax: (Admin): (031) 312 3147

Address: 20 Clarence Road, Durban 4001, P O Box 47569 Greyville 4023

Board Members – R. Pillay – President; D. Msomi – Vice President, M Naidu – Hon. Treasurer. Members: P Ram, J Murray, S Naidoo, D Shukla, H Grobbelaar.

What to do with an abandoned baby – CWDD

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Art of Giving Campaign

Off the back of our 16th AGM, publishing the Annual Report for 2019 online and then sharing our Quarter 2 and 3 of 2020 – Domino Updates (see other blogs), we have launched our “Art of Giving” Campaign in these final 6 weeks of 2020.

The intention is that it will ignite the passion and purpose within YOU, empower you to respond wisely and responsibly for sustainability’s sake over this period and into 2021, as well as share love with those in your networks to do the same!

Over the next month and a half we will share Social Media posts and Blog articles with meaningful community centric resources like:

In turn you can play your part in the #DominoEffect

  • Share this page with your friends to increase our online awareness so they can get our news too … Sign up with
  • Tell people you know about The Domino Foundation and the work we do so they can engage too
  • Click here for the 7 super simple donation options (Credit Card, Zapper, EFT/Cash Deposit, Debit Order, Pay Pal, Bequest Codicil or donations in kind) make giving easy for everyone
  • If we get a R100 a month from each person reading this page would be amazing or refer us to your corporate CSI Business/Foundation Funding Division
  • Trust these meaningful ways will inspire hope and joy in your heart. Please follow us online and #StayConnected

Share your happiness …

In the spirit of the ART of giving – this beautiful painting is called “Happiness” and was painted by the talented local Durban artist Tonya Seiler. She has donated this exuberant art piece to us as a Fundraiser for our Babies Home and Early Childhood Development Programme.

So if you would like to assist us to run an online auction please contact our Marketing Storyteller Karen Brokensha

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Thriving babies …

Life in lockdown in the homes has been busy with the Fairhaven’s Baby Home family with five small babies and two energetic little boys keeping the team on their toes. Thank goodness for a big garden, sunshine and our ECD ‘classroom’ Crisis Housemother Precious Thabete said proudly “I am so grateful to work with such loving and dedicated women who put the health and wellbeing of our babies and children first. Also thanks to Zanele and the ECD team, we have a fun plan in place for teaching our little boys, it helps keep them busy whilst having fun learning!”

Sadly as we read the rising stats and horrific stories of Gender Based Violence, so came the equally devastating increase in abused and abandoned children. Again, we count it an honour and blessing, to have been able to take in one extra little vulnerable baby as a Crisis Home and place of safety and temporary safe care.

At this time in our city, province and country – we also continue to pray and petition heaven for unity, wisdom and enlarged capacity for all the Child Welfare Departments, SAPS and Family Law Courts. We ask God for His sovereign hand to carry this burden and to make a way for these children and their parents/caregivers where there seems like no other way.   

In closing a big thank you all those who made Mandela Day donations of nappies, wetwipes, Vaseline and food items to the homes and especially to the rugby legend Odwa Ndungane and Danville Girls High School learners

Would you like to invest in forever families?

If your heart yearns to make a difference in the life of an orphan/abandoned child please partner with us by committing to donate R250 per month via direct debit – it is a legacy gift beyond measure

Then Send the form to Colleen Turner so she can set this up for you! #givingmadeeasy

This is Precious Thabete – our Crisis Mom

Learn more about the homes

Home news in the local press

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Mighty minds!

How do you keep engaging with owners and principals of Creches, Day Cares and Early Childhood Development (ECD) Centres when they have a government mandate to be closed and you can’t go and see them?

You use what you have in your hands … your cellphone, your landline, Whatsapp and your computer. And then ask them how you can help them navigate the pandemic with 3 key goals in mind:

  1. To provide safest and best hygiene protocols for school and learner readiness
  2. To ensure that effective active learning can still take place
  3. To continue working on the Teacher guide to empower and educate their ECD practitioners

Activities from April – September 2020

– we have been creating and sending COVID readiness video’s using themes and our ECD teams

– we continue to enhance and stimulate children holistically, from start of the Morning Ring as Theme Discussion, Second Ring with Music and Movement and Third Ring as Story Time for all learners and encourage their parents/caregivers can do this with them too at home

– we have conducted numerous workshops on Covid-19 Healthy Guidelines for school re-opening, and provided ECD centres with the age appropriate posters from The Department of Social Development for each centre to have in their classrooms.

– The ECD team is still working on developing the teacher guide that will assist the staff to further assist the learners to achieve their milestones year on year

Watch our online videos

This Zanele Nzimande our ECD Team Leader

Learn more about our programmes

Have you heard about Hosanna Women?

Do you know or are you a Corporate Funder and Foundation who believe in and are actively investing in ECD too?

Please let’s work in partnership to be more effective! Please connect with our Donor Relations Team Karen Brokensha or Tarin Stevenson or call them on 031 563 9605

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Raising little readers …

Even the Corona Virus could not lock us out from trying to teach English phonetic sounds and letter recognition to our 324 little beneficiaries at Ekutheleni Primary School in Besters.

Our primary COVID goal was – To create online teaching resources that Grade 2 learners could use to practice and as revision exercises.

And how did we achieve this?

We created a series of Whatsapp videos and uploaded them to our Domino You Tube channel and then communicated with the school to access the contact details of the parents/caregivers as we wanted to ensure that every child had an opportunity to access the resources created on the internet.

What was challenging?

  • mobile data is exorbitantly expensive so not easy for all parents/caregivers to access the resources online, we wanted to ensure that every child had an opportunity to access the resources created on the internet.
  • increase in job losses and the pre-existing high unemployment rate in this community
  • not being able to get hold of children as soon as lockdown level 5 happened
  • learners not receiving their daily meals impacted on household food budgets and resources

However obstacles always represent opportunities!

We would like to create a Zero Rated Website to enable learners and their families to access the tools, resources and learning channels without needing data so that literacy and collective family learning can take place at any time whether at school, home or in the community.

Leigh-Anne Stevens, Literacy Team Leader said” One of my big learnings has been that we need to know more about our beneficiaries so that in times of crisis we can communicate more efficiently and respond more effectively”

This is Leigh-Ann Stevens

Learn more about the Literacy programme

Do you know Telecomms/IT/Web Guru people?

We are earnestly looking for a partner to develop and sponsor a Zero Rated Website for easy access to online educational programme content to the learners and their families for improved learning and literacy.  We could even extend this and work with our Zulu foundation teachers to create literacy resources in the learner’s mother tongue.  How exciting that would be!

Please connect them to our Donor Relations Team Karen Brokensha or Tarin Stevenson

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Youth Life Orientation

We started 2020 with 1,474 pre-adolescent youth on our Life Skills Programme

We have had to be very adaptable as a team.  The DOE stipulated that no external partnerships/role players were permitted at any schools.  We have however been able to continue working with most of our learners and our role, certainly at the beginning of the lockdown, was largely supportive. 

When schools reopened, the youth workers performed a supportive role in educating learners on safety protocols and assisted the schools with preparations before learners returned to school.   Once schools reopened, the teams did the sanitising process for school learners and managed the entry and exit process to and from school.  Early mornings were spent screening learners and liaising with parents leaving teachers free to concentrate on the task of helping learners catch up academic time lost. 

Youth Workers then spent time in classrooms, helping where teachers were absent and were also permitted to teach the life skills curriculum with key grades. 

Currently we are teaching life skills to Grades 6 and 7 at Zwakele and Grades 4 and 6 at Ekuthuleni Primary school.  We are most grateful for our long standing relationship of trust with our schools who value us as partners in their schools

Activities that kept us engaged with one another and our beneficiaries during hard Lockdown Level 5

  • Weekly Zoom Team Connect Sessions – the team were supported emotionally to enable them to brainstorm new and innovative ways of reaching our beneficiaries so that life skills lesson content could be shared.
  • We worked strategically at developing Safety and Education Protocol Presentations to help learners and our partner schools navigate their return to schools.  Our Youth Workers developed visually appealing Powerpoint presentations to educate learners about the virus and how to stay safe.  These were sent out via WhatsApp videos and were reinforced when learners returned to school.  The team also experimented making short videos highlighting important lessons from our curriculum.  These were sent out to some learners whose parents’ details we already had access to. 
  • Weekly telephonic contact was initiated by the Programme Team Leader with the school principals
  • The team were instrumental in planning and facilitating the distribution of 1,300 Relief Aid Food Hampers to the most vulnerable beneficiaries within schools partnerships.
  • We continued upgrading the manual curriculum into digital presentation in classrooms using data projectors.
  • Once we moved to Lockdown Level 4, the Life Skills team pivoted to assist with general Domino Disaster Relief Operations as many hands and feet were needed with the unpacking and repacking efforts
  • They have also assisted with the Data Capture of Beneficiary Lists for Research and Evaluation

Where are we now 6 months down the line?

We are back in our schools, screening learners, liaising with parents on behalf of the schools and helping where teachers are absent.  We are also facilitating Life Skills lessons once again but not able to teach all the grades we taught at the beginning of the year, however we are most grateful to have the opportunity to reach some of our beneficiaries. 

What was challenging?

Data coverage and fast internet connection in the township areas is not ideal.  Trying to have online Zoom Meetings with the team was challenging and at times a very frustrating experience.  The team was adaptable and should be commended for their willingness to engage and innovate.  One of our greatest challenges we realised was that we relied too much on the school as our contact point with the learners’ parents/caregivers.  With schools closed at such short notice, our ability to stay connected to our learners was limited.  We have highlighted this as an area of importance that we need to improve in and are developing tools to have more direct contact opportunities with our beneficiaries and their families.

Opportunities to grow…

What lockdown taught us is that team work is vital for efficiency and efficacy.  Within our organisation new opportunities have presented themselves to work more co-operatively between programmes and this became most evident in the partnership between Nutrition and Life Skills.  Before a child can process any information, he/she has to have energy to pay attention through brain food.  Our Nutrition Programme supplies additional protein rich sandwiches to vulnerable children at school, to supplement the government feeding scheme.  What the team have observed is that sometimes the most hungry/vulnerable children are not always receiving a sandwich because of the way they are being distributed.  To address this, we are in the process of analysing how life skills could assist with developing tools to help teachers to identify the most vulnerable of children in need.  We are also exploring how the Youth Workers could help with distributing sandwiches to the orphaned and vulnerable learners. 

Regards School Nutrition – we want to build capacity not own the process so our intention is not to replace the role of the OVC teacher, rather to co-labour in support of the system already in place and see ourselves as adding value to our schools ensuring that we strengthen an active and inspiring learning environment for our beneficiaries.

Chad le Clos donates masks in support of youth …

Leigh-Anne Stevens heads up this team too

Want to know more about our Life Skills Programme

Want to impact the youth today for their leadership skills tomorrow?

There is such untapped potential in the young people in our country and we would love to see all of them thrive and shine. Is your personal or business conviction to mentor, model and motivate the youth to achieve all they are designed to be? Then please will you connect with our Donor Relations Team Karen Brokensha or Tarin Stevenson and possibly even host a Think Tank Session with Leigh-Ann and our Youth Team #onebodymanyparts

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